Maudsley Method or Family-Based Treatment (FBT) that is designed to treat anorexia nervosa (AN). This type of treatment was conceived by a team of child and adolescent psychiatrists and psychologists at the Maudsley Hospital in London.
There is a great deal of research that has been done at the University of Chicago and Stanford in this country to show the efficacy of the this type FBT treatment.
The Maudsley approach is a type intensive outpatient treatment (IOP) where the family is an active and positive role in the child or adolescent's treatment. The goals are around restoring the child’s weight to normal levels for age and height; give the control to eating back to the child and encourage typical adolescent development through an in depth discussion and the developmental issues that pertain to each particular child.
There are three phases to the Maudsley Approach that are within 15 - 20 treatment sessions over a 12 month period.
Phase I: Weight restoration
Therapist focuses on the dangers of severe malnutrition associated with AN.
Phase II: Returning control over eating to the adolescent.
This phase of treatment is about the adolescent taking more control over their own eating.
Phase III: Establishing healthy adolescent identity
This phase does not begin until the adolescent is able to maintain weight above 95% of ideal weight on her/his own and self-starvation has ended.
Read more about all three phases here.