Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
The diagnosis of autism is often suspected in the first years, as some children display autistic-specific ways, like failing to make eye contact, not responding to verbal communications or displaying repetitive behaviors and preoccupations. For a description of early indicators of autism, the American Academy of Pediatrics has developed the M-CHAT (https://www.m-chat.org). There are many other formal diagnostic tests that professionals use to assess ASD. There are a wide range of behaviors and skills on the autism spectrum, from highly verbal to entirely non verbal. Proper diagnosis provides caretakers with guidelines for helping support as much self-sufficiency as practical.